SIYAR Journal <p><strong>SIYAR (Social Issues by Academic Researhers) Journal</strong> is a peer-reviewed, open access journal published by the Department of International Relations, Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, UIN Sunan Ampel Suarabaya. This Journal has been assigned with DOI from <a href="">Crossref</a> and indexed by <a href="">Garuda</a>, <a href=";user=v2VyE-0AAAAJ&amp;view_op=list_works&amp;sortby=pubdate">Google Scholars</a>, <a href=";lang=en">Index Copernicus,</a> <a href="">Moraref</a>, <a href="">WorldCat</a>, <a href="">Indonesia Onesearch</a> and <a href="">DOAJ</a>.</p> <p>SIYAR Journal to facilitate the dissemination of ideas and research in the field of international relations that is published twice a year, in <strong>January</strong> and <strong>July</strong>. The scope of SIYAR consist of:</p> <ul> <li>Islam and International Relations;</li> <li>Diplomacy and International Politics;</li> <li>Peace and Security Studies;</li> <li>Global Political Economy;</li> <li>International Organization and international Business;</li> <li>Foreign Aid, Philanthropy and International Development; or</li> <li>The other topics which are relevant with International Studies and Social Studies.</li> </ul> <div><strong>IMPORTANT:</strong> Before you submit a manuscript, make sure that your paper is prepared using SIYAR <a href=";ouid=104818064242504852270&amp;rtpof=true&amp;sd=true">TEMPLATE FOR SUBMISSION</a>, has been proofread and polished carefully, and conformed to the <a href="">Author Guidelines</a>.</div> The Department of International Relations, The Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, UIN Sunan Ampel Surabaya en-US SIYAR Journal 2747-223X AN ANALYSIS OF THE STRUCTURAL DYNAMICS OF RECENT POLITICAL SECULARISM IN TURKEY AND HABERMAS' PROPOSED REMEDIES <p style="font-weight: 400;">Within the intricate structure of global political landscapes, the nation of Turkey emerges as a captivating subject of study, particularly when examining its progressive secularism and the complex interplay of socio-political dynamics. This study aims to examine the fundamental structural factors that surround the implementation of Turkey's present political secularism, while also employing Habermas' proposed notion of a post-secular society as an approach to address and resolve these intricacies. This study utilizes a qualitative research methodology by doing literature studies and relying on secondary data for data collection. The findings of this study suggest that Habermas's notion of a post-secular society has the potential to develop a sociopolitical structure that is more democratic and inclusive in the setting of Turkey where it is being investigated.</p> Muhsin Abdul Hadi Copyright (c) 2023 Muhsin Abdul Hadi 2023-12-12 2023-12-12 4 1 1 18 10.15642/siyar.2024.4.1.1-18 STRATEGI GASTRO DIPLOMASI KOPI KHAS INDONESIA: STUDI KASUS KOPI KALYAN DI TOKYO <p>Pada era kontemporer, negara-negara menggunakan <em>soft diplomacy</em> untuk memperkenalkan budayanya kepada negara lain dengan tujuan meningkatkan national branding. Salah satu upaya yang dilakukan oleh negara dalam meningkatkan national branding yakni dengan mempromosikan budaya kuliner demi meningkatkan brand awareness bangsa melalui gastrodiplomasi (<em>gastrodiplomacy). </em>Salah satu bentuk gastrodiplomasi yang dilakukan oleh indonesia yakni dengan mempromosikan Kopi khas Indonesia di Tokyo dengan membuka coffee shop Kopi Kalyan. Tujuan dari penelitian ini yakni untuk mengetahui strategi gastrodiplomasi Kopi khas Indonesia melalui Kopi Kalyan di Tokyo. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode penelitian kualitatif deskriptif dengan teknik pengumpulan data wawancara, dokumentasi, dan studi pustaka. Hasil dari penelitian ini, strategi yang digunakan oleh Kopi Kalyan dalam mempromosikan Kopi Khas Indonesia yakni dengan <em>product marketing strategy, food events strategy, the coalition-building strategy</em>, <em>the use of opinion leaders strategy</em>, <em>the media relations strategy</em>, <em>the education strategy. </em>Dengan penerapan tersebut, hadirnya Kopi Kalyan di Tokyo dapat merubah kebiasaan masyarakat Tokyo yang awalnya hanya memiliki kebiasaan minum teh, saat ini mereka juga menyukai miuman kopi terutama jenis kopi yang berasal dari Indonesia seperti Papua, Manggarai, Bali, Aceh, Sulawesi, Sumatra, dan Pulau Jawa. Disamping itu dari strategi yang dilakukan oleh Kopi Kalyan berhasil membantu mewujudkan kepentingan Pemerintah Indonesia, yakni memperkenalkan kopi khas Indonesia dan memperkuat komoditas ekspor kopi Indonesia di mancanegara terutama Jepang.</p> Galib Arofahzam Bahari Achmad Zainul Muttaqin Dhea Arista Safitri Nasya Faza Cahya S Noer Razzaq Adhimukti Shelly Maulidina Imelda Copyright (c) 2023 Galib Arofahzam Bahari, Achmad Zainul Muttaqin, Dhea Arista Safitri , Nasya Faza Cahya S, Noer Razzaq Adhimukti , Shelly Maulidina Imelda 2023-12-12 2023-12-12 4 1 19 32 10.15642/siyar.2024.4.1.19-32 THE ANALYSIS OF ROBERT COX'S CRITICAL THEORY: THE INHERENT SUBJECTIVITY AND PURPOSEFUL NATURE OF THEORETICAL FRAMEWORKS <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p><span style="font-size: 12.000000pt; font-family: 'TimesNewRomanPSMT';">Robert Cox's assertion that “theory is always for someone and for and some purpose" is a fundamental tenet of political science and international relations, emphasizing the inherent subjective and purposeful nature of theoretical frameworks. This study critically examines Cox's contribution to International Relations (IR) through critical theory. This study is based on a qualitative research approach and uses an extensive literature review to gather relevant information, thorough analysis of existing journals and books, providing a comprehensive understanding of Cox's critical theory and its impact on the field of IR. The finding of this study highlights the need for continued evaluation of Cox popular IR theory and the application of Cox's theoretical foundations to deepen understanding of the world. Cox's critical theory brings new perspectives and contributes significantly to the diversity of theoretical frameworks in IR. This study highlights the transformative impact of Cox's critical approach and its relevance to shaping contemporary debates in the international relations. </span></p> </div> </div> </div> Aizza Jundana Copyright (c) 2024 Aizza Jundana 2023-12-12 2023-12-12 4 1 33 44 10.15642/siyar.2024.4.1.33-44 ANALYZING ALEXANDER WENDT’S STATEMENTS REGARDING "ANARCHY IS WHAT THE STATE MAKES IT" <p style="font-weight: 400;">Many nations in the global arena are undergoing state system reforms to enhance their countries' conditions. Many nations employ anarchic systems, although the question remains if these state systems will outperform other countries in terms of efficiency. This concept is strongly connected to Alexander Wendt’s statement regarding the nature of anarchy being determined by the state. This statement is strongly connected to Alexander Wendt’s assertion that anarchy is determined by the actions and policies of the state. This study aims to analyse the conceptual framework of these terms and explore the significance of Alexander Wendt’s remarks, particularly their connection to an improved state structure. This study employs a qualitative methodology, utilising several reviews of literature for collecting data. The analysis of this study suggests that Alexander Wendt employs a constructivist framework that will subsequently change the global system for the better. This is because the state is unable to function independently without external intervention, thus requiring transformative changes.</p> Nino Zeh Zauzah Copyright (c) 2024 Nino Zeh Zauzah 2023-12-12 2023-12-12 4 1 45 58 10.15642/siyar.2024.4.1.45-58 ANALYSIS OF RUSSIAN FACTORS SUPPORTING NICOLAS MADURO IN THE VENEZUELAN CRISIS FROM ALEXANDER WENDT'S CONSTRUCTIVIST PERSPECTIVE <p style="font-weight: 400;">The crisis happening in Venezuela is a humanitarian crisis that affects political instability and local economics. This economic crisis is caused by reducing the cost of oil supply. Besides, the political crisis began with internal problems between the government and the opponent, exacerbating the situation. It brings attention to developing countries to get into this crisis dynamic, such as Russia. In Venezuela's crisis, Russia offered material support and morality to Nicolas Maduro's government. Thus, Russia attempts to support Maduro from international claims. This research intends to analyze the reasons behind Russia's supporting Nicolas Maduro in the Venezuela Crisis by using the constructivism theory of Alexander Wendt. Based on research results, showed 3 variables that explain Russia's involvement in the Venezuela crisis. Firstly, interdependence is related to corporation dependence between Russia and Venezuela. Second, homogeneity, is based on both the same background. Lastly, common fate is based on the same destiny and adversary between Russia and Venezuela.</p> Jamal Din Aulia Endah Kurniati Copyright (c) 2024 Jamal Din Aulia, Endah Kurniati 2023-12-12 2023-12-12 4 1 59 73 10.15642/siyar.2024.4.1.59-73 PROSES KEGAGALAN FRIDAYS FOR FUTURE SEBAGAI SEBUAH GERAKAN SOSIAL LINGKUNGAN HIDUP 2018-2023 <p style="font-weight: 400;">Fridays For Future merupakan suatu gerakan sosial berwawasan lingkungan yang diinisiasi oleh Greta Thunberg, yang berasal dari Swedia. Gerakan tersebut aktif dalam menyuarakan kritik terhadap pemerintah dengan tujuan untuk mengikuti atau menciptakan regulasi-regulasi yang dapat mencegah terjadinya perubahan iklim. Dalam artikel ini, penulis membahas mengenai faktor-faktor yang mendorong terjadinya kegagalan dari gerakan sosial Fridays For Future menggunakan bingkai <em>Four Stages of Social Movements.</em> Adanya faktor <em>Repression</em> yang dilakukan oleh aparat atau petugas pemerintah setempat yang bertujuan menekan partisipan dari gerakan tersebut, dengan upaya penangkapan, denda, larangan, hingga tuduhan, sehingga memberikan dampak baik dari segi materi maupun non-materi bagi Fridays For Future. Faktor lain yang mendorong gerakan Fridays For Future menuju kegagalan adalah, adanya perbedaan kondisi, situasi, budaya, dan SDM, di tiap daerah yang mana hal tersebut mempengaruhi pencapaian politik, pengumpulan dana, kesulitan dalam mencari SDM, dan fondasi organisasi yang menjadi kurang kuat. Berdasarkan dari lensa teori <em>Four Stages of Social Movements</em>, faktor-faktor tersebut dapat mempengaruhi Fridays For Future sebagai gerakan social lingkungan menuju kegagalan yang kemudian gerakan tersebut akan memasuki tahap <em>Decline</em></p> Atha Fawwaz Permana Muhammad Indrawan Jatmika Copyright (c) 2024 Atha Fawwaz Permana, Muhammad Indrawan Jatmika 2023-12-12 2023-12-12 4 1 74 85 10.15642/siyar.2024.4.1.74-85